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Terminology

Below are a collection of terms and terminology that is used on our Website and frequently throughout the lifting and mechanical handling industry. You may find it beneficial to study the below before indulging in to and making enquiries on equipment should your knowledge of terms be brief or insufficient.

Abbreviations

 

Overhead Crane Terminology

Overhead Girder Cranes come in various shapes and sizes, but they all share the same or similar terminology, important information that must be known by the buyer before making such enquiries. These include the dimensions, capacities and details of the crane which are vital in order to gain an accurate price quotation. The buyer should be aware of the major crane components in order to ensure the correct equipment is ordered.

Crane Beam/Bridge- This is the central main beam of the crane which will support the hoist and load, usually the heaviest part of the crane structure and the largest part, spanning the width of the load area in order to take full advantage. This is supported by two end carriages, the main beam can be under slung or over slung. Under slung or under hung cranes are usually used in applications where there is height restrictions. Overhead cranes can feature a single bridge or a double bridge beam.

End Carriages- Two end carriages support the span of the crane bridge beam and provide the power to transport the crane up and down the length of the building or workshop enabling full coverage of the desired area.

Trolley- The moving frame in which the hoist in fitted to, the trolley features wheels which allow horizontal traverse of the trolley along the crane beam.

Hoist- The hoist is fitted to the trolley enabling horizontal traverse along the cranes span, the hoist features a hook which lifts and lowers the load up to the stated capacity.

General Hoist & Crane Terminology

 

Control Types